Distracted Walking and Pedestrian Safety Tips
Information about distracted walking issues and good practices for pedestrian safety:
61-8-501, MCA. Pedestrians subject to traffic regulations.
(1) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any traffic control device that is specifically applicable to the pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
(2) Pedestrians are subject to traffic control signals and pedestrian control signals at intersections as provided in 61-8-207 and 61-8-208.
(3) At all other places, pedestrians are accorded the privileges and are subject to the restrictions provided in this part.
(4) Local authorities may by ordinance prohibit pedestrians from crossing a roadway within a local government’s jurisdiction, except in a marked crosswalk or in an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection.
(5) Except as provided in 61-8-506(3) and except when provisions by their nature can have no application, a person operating a manually or mechanically propelled wheelchair or other low-powered, mechanically propelled vehicle designed specifically for use by a physically disabled person is accorded the privileges and is subject to the restrictions applicable to pedestrians provided in this part.
61-8-502, MCA. Pedestrians' right-of-way in crosswalk -- school children.
(1) (a) Except as provided in subsection (1)(b), when traffic control signals are not in place or not in operation, the operator of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if necessary, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, but a pedestrian may not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle that is so close that it is impossible for the operator to yield. This provision does not apply under the conditions provided in 61-8-503(2). (b) When a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, the operator of a vehicle may make a right-hand turn if the pedestrian is in the opposite half of the roadway and is not in danger.
(2) When a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the operator of any other vehicle approaching from the rear may not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
(3) A person may not operate a vehicle through a column of school children crossing a roadway or past a school crossing guard while the crossing guard is directing the movement of children across a roadway and while the crossing guard is holding an official sign in the stop position.
61-8-503 MCA. Crossing at other than crosswalks.
(1) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
(2) Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
(3) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
61-8-504 MCA. Operators to exercise due care.
61-8-505 MCA. Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalk.
Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks.
61-8-506 MCA. Pedestrians on roadways and highways; wheelchair use on highways.
(1) Where sidewalks are provided and their use is practicable, a pedestrian may not walk along and upon an adjacent roadway.
(2) Where sidewalks are not provided, a pedestrian, other than an intoxicated pedestrian referred to in 61-8-508, who is walking along and upon a highway may walk only on the shoulder, as far as practicable from the edge of the roadway.
(3) A person using a wheelchair or other vehicle designed specifically for use by a physically disabled person shall use sidewalks if use of sidewalks is practicable. If use of sidewalks is unsafe or not practicable, the person may use the wheelchair or other vehicle on a highway, as far as practicable from the center of the roadway.
61-8-507 MCA. Pedestrian soliciting rides, business, or contributions.
(1) A person may not stand on a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride.
(2) A person may not stand on a highway for the purpose of soliciting employment, business, or contributions from the occupant of a vehicle unless the solicitation is authorized by the proper jurisdictional authority.
61-8-508 MCA. Intoxicated pedestrian.
61-8-509 MCA. Pedestrian's right-of-way on sidewalks.
61-8-515 MCA. Pedestrian to yield to authorized emergency vehicle
(2) This section does not relieve the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle or a police vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all individuals using the highway or from the duty to exercise due care to avoid colliding with a pedestrian.
61-8-516 MCA. Operator of vehicle to yield to blind pedestrian.
61-8-517 MCA. Pedestrians at railroad crossings.
61-8-601 MCA. Effect of regulations.
(2) These regulations applicable to bicycles shall apply whenever a bicycle is operated upon any highway or upon any path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles subject to those exceptions stated herein.